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Japanese Suzuki Alto
The Suzuki Alto is a small car (kei car) designed by Suzuki. Its selling points have long included a low price and good fuel economy. The model, currently in its seventh generation, was first introduced in 1979 and has been built in many countries worldwide. The Alto badge has often been used on different cars in Japan and in export markets.

First Generation (SS30/40) :

The 1st generation (SS30V/40V), introduced in May 1979, was a 3-door cargo version of theFronte passenger car, equipped with a folding rear seat. On introduction, the Alto received the T5B two-stroke 539 cc (SS30) three-cylinder engine, producing 28 PS (21 kW) at 5,500 rpm. The Alto was a "micro sensation" when introduced, largely due to its rock bottom price of ¥470,000 (circa $1,900 in 1979, at a time when the cheapest Ford Pintocost $4,999). This bargain price was made possible by a number of Japanese special concessions for commercial vehicles: The engine did not require twin catalysts, unlike in the Fronte. Two less doors provided another saving, as did the exemption from commodity tax. The Alto was a sensation, and other producers such as Subaru (with the "Family Rex") quickly followed suit.

In January 1981, the F5A four-stroke 543 cc known from the Fronte was also installed (though with only a single-barrel carburettor), it too put out 28 PS (21 kW) but at 6,000 rpm. Torque was considerably lower, down from 5.3 to 4.2 kg•m (52 to 41 N•m; 38 to 30 lb•ft).[2]1981 saw also the year that it became available on the United Kingdom market, as Suzuki began selling cars there that year.

Second Generation (CA71) :

The 2nd generation (CA71) was introduced in September 1984. It continued with the SS40's F5A engine, but also became available with turbocharged and multi-valve engines thereof, mainly in the "Works" series. In December 1984 a 4-wheel-drive version (CC71) was added. Performance versions of the Alto first appear in 1985 when a turbocharged engine was made available. It gradually acquired more performance-related modifications until the Works version was introduced in February 1987. The Alto Works was the first kei-car to reach the legal limit of 64 PS (47 kW). It acquired considerable popularity, with models of it still made by Fujimi. A 5-door body (identical to the Fronte's) became available in October 1985.

In July 1986 the CA/CC71 became the CA/CC72 after a rather thorough facelift. New wraparound headlights, a new dash and interior heralded the new ITL rear suspension (IsolatedTrailing Link), a three-link rigid setup. A "Walkthrough Van" was introduced in January 1987, while at the other end of the spectrum, the personal coupé Cervo on the CA/CC72 base was introduced in 1988 with a new 547 cc F5B engine. In August 1987, higher spec Altos became available with a 3-speed automatic rather than the 2-speed they had been using before.

Third Generation (CL11) :

The 3rd generation (CL/CM11) replaced the CA71 in September 1988. This was the last generation of Alto to have an associated Fronte model. It had strikingly angular styling, with an unusual glazed C-pillar on the 5-door. Another curiosity of this generation was the availability of a version with sliding doors, the "Slide Slim", intended to simplify entering and exiting in tight spaces. It also made egress easier for the old and the infirm. When the Fronte name was discontinued in October 1989, the passenger car versions (CN/CP11) became Altos.

Initially the CL11 used the 12-valve 42 hp (31 kW) F5B engine known from the SS71 Cervo, but with an added 34 hp (25 kW) 6-valve version in lower-spec versions. A 46 hp (34 kW) DOHC version was also available in the Twin Cam Rl. Passenger car versions had the same engines, but all with 2 hp less due to more stringent emissions controls. The fuel-injected, 12-valve, turbocharged Works models came with an SOHC58 hp (43 kW) engine (FF S/X or 4WD S/R) or a 64 hp (48 kW) DOHC version (FF RS/X or 4WD RS/R). The front-wheel drive Works' were available with a 3-speed automatic in addition to the standard 5-speed manual.

Fourth Generation (HA11) :

The 4th generation (HA11) appeared in 1994. The 657 cc F6A engines were joined by a new high-performance 64 PS (47 kW) 658 cc K6A (HA21). The styling displays an interesting blend of features: the tailgate and rear doors are still fairly angular, but the front is beginning to be more rounded - a trend which would be continued in later years.

Fifth Generation (HA12) :

The 5th-generation Alto (HA12/22) was introduced in October 1998. The styling was generally more rounded, the shape of the cabin showing the Alto's relationship with the new Suzuki Kei. The 658 cc K6A engine was now also available without a turbocharger, joining the turbocharged version and the familiar 657 cc F6A engines. The turbocharged Works models were available with a 60 hp F6A engine (i.e., 5MT/3AT and FF or 4WD) or a 64 hp VVT K6A (RS/Z, 5MT and FF or 4WD). The front-wheel-drive RS/Z was sold with a non-VVT K6A engine when in combination with a 4-speed automatic transmission, it too with a claimed 64 hp. In December 2000, the Works versions were discontinued, as the Alto was realigned as an economy version. The Suzuki Kei Sports picked up the Works' mantle.

Several derivatives were produced from this generation. Suzuki produced two "classic-style" versions: the Alto C with a deep chrome grille and a curious headlamp arrangement by which circular main lamps were joined with ovoid sidelights and indicators, which was shared with the Alto Works and the Alto C2 which had separate headlamps and sidelights and a wider grille. Mazda also sold the standard Alto as the Carol, and Mitsuokaused the Carol as a basis for their Ray. Pakistani production began in 2000, utilizing the F10A engine.

Sixth Generation (HA24) :

The 6th generation (HA24) was introduced in 2004. The bonnet and headlamps curved down at the front, giving a similar effect to theToyota WiLL Vi or the Citroën C2. The Alto was re-aligned as a less costly car to accommodate new models such as the Cervo andAlto Lapin. The more powerful engines were moved into the other more upmarket versions like the Suzuki Kei Works and Alto Lapin SS, leaving the Alto with only a 54 PS (40 kW) version. In Japan, this version of the Alto was rebadged as the Nissan Pino and Mazda Carol.

Seventh Generation (2009-present) : (Japan)

The 7th Generation was first shown at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show alongside its sister car, the Mazda Carol.

In 2011, Suzuki launched the Alto Eco variant, that features the R06A engine lifted from the Suzuki MR Wagon and an idling stop function. It is capable of reaching the fuel economy of 30.2 km/L (71MPG) based on Japan's JC08 Mode test cycle.[23] This is .2 km/L higher than the Daihatsu Mira e:S.

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Specifications of Japanese Suzuki Alto

Model : 2002
Drive : FF
Transmission : 5 speed manual
Displacement, cc : 658
Frame : LE-HA23V-AGSF-4
Exterior dimensions (LxWxH) : 3395 x 1475 x 1450
Wheel base, mm : 2360
Treads (F/R), mm : 1295 / 1290
Ground clearance, mm : 145
Curb vehicle weight, kg : 630
Seating capacity, persons : 4
Doors number : 3
Min.turning radius, m : 4.2
Fuel tank capacity, l : 30
Engine model : 658
Engine model : K6A
Max.power (Net) : 54 ps (39.72 kw) / 6500 rpm
Max.torque(Net) : 6.2 kg*m (60.80 N*m) / 4000 rpm
Power density : 11.67
Engine type : Water coolingserial 3 cylinder DOHC12 valve
Fuel system : EPI
Fuel type : Unleaded regular gasoline
Compression ratio : 10.5
Bore, mm : 68
Stroke, mm : 60.4
Power steering : Yes
Tires size, front : 135/80R12 68s
Tires size rear : 135/80R12 68s
Braking system, front   Disk
Braking system, rear : Drum (leading/trailing)
Suspension system, front : McPherson strut type
Suspension system, rear : I.T.L.
ABS (Antilock brake system) : Option
Air conditioner : Manual
Wood panel : Option
Child seat fixed with seat belt : Present
Rear ELR3 point seat belt : Present
Fourth limited front seat belt : Present
Side impact bar : Present
Airbag (Driver) : Option
Airbag (Passenger) : Option
Audio deck : AM radio
Car navigation system : Option

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